Pediatric Asthma

Pediatric Asthma


What is Asthma?

Asthma is a lung disease caused by the inflammation of the airways that makes breathing difficult. It can be triggered by several factors, from allergens to exercise to certain types of weather.

Children are more likely to suffer from asthma, as their lungs and airways become easily inflamed when exposed to adverse environmental conditions. Something as simple as inhaling airborne pollen or catching a cold can be a trigger for asthma in children. This condition often interferes with daily activities, sport, school, and sleep.


Symptoms

If your child suffers from asthma, they are most likely to experience a range of symptoms from a nagging cough that lingers for weeks to sudden breathlessness. Other symptoms include wheezing, shortness of breath, fatigue, chest congestion and tightness. A child may experience any one or more symptoms mentioned above, indicating a normal cold or bronchitis perhaps. However, repeated occurrence or long-lasting symptoms is a sign that your child suffers from asthma. improperly treated asthma can lead to development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) when the airways become permanently narrowed.


Causes

While the root cause for asthma isn’t fully understood, an over sensitive immune system can cause the lungs to swell. Some other factors that play a role are:

  • Genetic Predisposition
  • Respiratory/airway infections at a young age
  • Exposure to pollution and passive smoking
  • Weather changes

Today, asthma in children is a leading cause of emergency department visits, hospitalizations and missed school days. Any symptom of asthma must be taken seriously, or it can get out of hand especially among children. Unfortunately, childhood asthma can’t be cured, and symptoms may continue into adulthood. But with the right treatment, you and your child can keep symptoms under control and prevent damage to growing lungs.


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